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Uses of hydrogen as a source of energy



5 possible uses of hydrogen as an energy source. Discover these innovative projects

The uses of hydrogen, particularly green hydrogen , have been heavily invoked as one of the most promising drivers of the energy transition [1]. The range of potential applications and uses of hydrogen extends from small-scale vehicle fueling solutions to broader adoption scenarios as a flexibility mechanism. In some of our recent challenges we have addressed this new typology of energy models.

The proven possibility of what is called “energy mix” highlights the importance that the uses of hydrogen will have in a gradual change, progressively eliminating fossil fuels, especially natural gas. This report aims to describe the different production and storage techniques, as well as the deployment strategies, providing a detailed analysis of the efficiencies, costs and, ultimately, a vision of the potential of these technologies.

The price of electricity represents around 75% of the cost of green hydrogen (H2) generated with electrolyzers [3], which depends on several factors such as: system efficiency, capital cost or capacity factor, among others. H2’s struggle to take off in the past is explained by the fact that splitting water through electrolysis required more energy than that stored in the final product, making it economically unfeasible. Today, renewable energythey are a game changer due to their virtually unlimited resources, being able to support hydrogen production plants locally. The current levelized cost of energy (LCOE) has been estimated at $26-54/MWh for wind and $29-42/MWh for solar. The cheapest solar production is currently in Portugal, with an LCOE of $13/MWh.

Hydrogen generation projects

  1. The Norwegian company Nel will reduce the cost of its electrolysers

Although some analyzes show that H2 can already be produced close to the DOE’s $2/kg target [4], that price is expected to continue to decline. In fact, Norwegian electrolyser manufacturer Nel has unveiled plans to reduce the cost of its electrolyzers by around 75% in a new 2GW factory and to reduce the price of green hydrogen to around $1.50/kg by 2025. The same cost as gray H2 derived from unconsumed fossil fuels [5]. The price prediction was based on a renewable electricityat 20 dollars/MWh, including the costs of the useful life for 20 years: the cost of the land, civil works, installation, start-up and operation and maintenance. With the completion of its first 500MW production line at its new fully automated alkali electrolyser factory in Herøya, Norway, the company expects to reduce the cost of production by 50% and drive cost savings in the future.

2. SGH2: Think outside the box

Conventional approaches will not be the only ones that make a difference. In Lancaster, California, a proven project has been launched, supported by pioneering technology: the production plant, built by the global energy company SGH2, will use mixed recycled paper waste to produce H2. This technology, which reduces carbon emissions by two to three times compared to electrolysis and renewable energy production, is also five to seven times cheaper. The company estimates that it will produce up to 11,000 kilograms of H2 per day (3.8 million kilograms per year, almost three times more than any other H2 production facility), processing 42,000 tons of recycled waste per year [6]. The gasification process uses a plasma-enhanced thermal catalytic conversion process optimized with oxygen-enriched gas. In the catalyst bed chamber of the gasification island, plasma torches generate such high temperatures (3500 – 4000 degrees Celsius), that the raw material of the waste disintegrates into its molecular compounds, without combustion ash or toxic fly ash . As the gases leave the catalyst bed chamber, the molecules come together in abiosynthesis . This process is rich in very high quality hydrogen and free of:

  • Tar
  • Soot
  • heavy metals [16]

3. The artificial sun of the DLR

For its part, Germany, aiming to reduce the European Union’s dependence on Russian gas pipelines, is now one of the world leaders in the use of hydrogen breakdown. The DLR (Deutsches Zentrum für Luftund Raumfahrt or German Aerospace Center) is also making creative strides [7]: with the help of a 350kW array of 140 xenon short-arc lamps, which are concentrated on 400 square centimeters, scientists they are exerting 10,000 times the intensity of solar radiation on the Earth’s surface. This configuration allows the manufacture of fuels, including H2, thanks to the resulting 3000 degrees Celsius. The concentrated radiation from the lamps is used to split water molecules directly into hydrogen and oxygen. [17]

Uses of hydrogen in different projects

4. Hydrogen as fuel for heavy vehicles

As far as the aviation sector is concerned, the DLR continues to push [8] for synthetic fuels, hydrogen in gas turbines, electric propulsion systems and climate-optimized routes. Its roadmap points to the full decarbonization of the aviation sector by mid-2030. A different example, considering how the German Armed Forces manage their fleet, is how they have long used H2 to propel underwater submarines using electrolysis. , taking advantage of the raw material involved [15]. However, a diesel engine is started while the submarines are still on the surface.

5. Hydrogen also moves cars

Apart from the compatibility required for pipeline transport, H2 storage itself is challenging, particularly for hydrogen usesin small vehicles [12]. Beyond the relatively small total energy efficiency of H2-powered cars, the volume required for hydrogen storage systems to achieve an acceptable range remains a problem, resulting in inadequate vehicle range compared to conventional vehicles. Conventional oil-fueled vehicles. This makes electric vehicles the best option so far, especially for small trips. Fortunately, a car with a range of 1,500 km [15] is already on the market in Germany with a current price of 25-35 euros per full tank. There is also the hydrogen fuel cell car that uses hydrogen for the production of electrical energy on board.

Imran Javed Awan brings 9 years of experience in helping grassroots, mid-sized organizations and large institutions strengthen their management and resource-generating capacities and effectively plan for the future. He is also a mentor and professional advisor to artists working in all disciplines.

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Sales in the Digital Age: A Roadmap to Global Expansion



Sales in the Digital Age

Digital technology has redefined the borders of business and now companies are increasingly looking towards global expansion as a pathway to growth. For those adept in navigating the complex terrain of international markets, the digital age offers unprecedented opportunities.

Diego Jerez is currently the U.S. Country Manager at Option, and a distinguished Miami-based entrepreneur.

His expertise were honed at Fundación Independízate, where he provided vital market research for Chile’s tech sector, playing a key role in shaping entrepreneurial strategies.

And while working at the creative agency La Familia he not only boosted tender requests by 45% but also successfully opened the agency’s first international office in Lima within seven months, surpassing expectations.

He says: “Achieving a break-even point seven months ahead of schedule in a new market was a testament to the power of strategic planning, efficient execution, and adaptability in foreign markets.”

Jerez’s tenure at Zenta Group and Euromonitor International saw him expand business reach across Central America,, Canada, and Europe, and manage key banking and consulting relationships in LATAM.

His entrepreneurial spirit has also been evidenced in co-founding 11 POSTS, an all-in-one Influencer marketing software for agencies.

He adds: “Navigating the complexities of large corporations is a challenge I relish. It requires a combination of strategic thinking, adaptability, and the ability to connect with diverse individuals at all organizational levels.”

Here, Jerez presents a roadmap to global expansion in sales, drawn from his insights of as an expert in the field.

Understanding the Digital Landscape

The first step in any successful global expansion strategy is a comprehensive understanding of the digital landscape. The digital age has democratized access to international markets, but it has also made them more competitive. A seasoned expert in global sales recognizes the importance of leveraging digital platforms – from e-commerce to social media – to penetrate new markets. The ability to adapt sales strategies to suit the digital habits of different regions is crucial.

Cultural Intelligence in Sales

Expanding into new markets requires more than just understanding local laws and regulations; it necessitates a deep grasp of cultural nuances. The expertise needed in this domain involves an intuitive understanding of cultural differences in consumer behavior, negotiation tactics, and communication styles.

For instance, sales approaches that work in North America might not resonate with consumers in Asia or Europe. Tailoring strategies to suit these differences is key to success.

Data-Driven Decision Making

In the digital age, data is king. Expertise in data analytics allows for informed decision-making, helping businesses to identify potential markets, understand consumer preferences, and predict trends. This data-driven approach is critical in minimizing risks associated with global expansion. By analyzing market data, companies can make strategic decisions about where to allocate resources and how to position their products or services.

Building a Digital Brand Presence

A significant aspect of sales in the digital age is building a robust online brand presence. This involves not only an engaging and responsive website but also an active presence on social media platforms. Companies looking to expand globally must invest in digital marketing strategies that resonate with their target audience. This includes content marketing, search engine optimization (SEO), and targeted advertising.

E-commerce as a Gateway to Global Sales

E-commerce platforms have become a crucial gateway for businesses seeking international exposure. Experts in global sales know how to leverage these platforms to reach a wider audience, streamline the purchasing process, and provide customer support. Understanding the logistics of e-commerce, including shipping, taxes, and compliance with local e-commerce laws, is essential.

Leveraging Technology for Customer Engagement

In today’s market, engaging with customers digitally is not optional; it’s imperative. Tools such as CRM systems, chatbots, and AI-driven analytics play a vital role in understanding and interacting with customers. Personalizing the customer experience based on data insights can significantly boost customer loyalty and sales.

Navigating Regulatory Challenges

One of the most complex aspects of global expansion is navigating the regulatory landscape. This includes understanding international trade laws, data protection regulations, and compliance issues. Expertise in this area is critical to avoid legal pitfalls and build trust with customers and partners in new markets.

Effective Communication Across Borders

Effective communication is the bedrock of successful sales strategies, more so in a global context. This involves not just language proficiency but also an understanding of communication norms and preferences in different cultures. Whether it’s through direct communication or digital marketing, conveying the right message in the right way is crucial.

Adapting to Local Market Conditions

The digital age is characterized by rapid change, and nowhere is this more evident than in global markets. Sales strategies need to be flexible and adaptable to local market conditions. This might involve modifying products or services to suit local tastes, adjusting pricing strategies, or even rethinking the sales funnel.

Building Strategic Partnerships

Finally, building strategic partnerships can be a game-changer in global expansion. This involves identifying and collaborating with local partners who understand the market. These partnerships can provide valuable insights, facilitate entry into new markets, and enhance the company’s credibility.


In conclusion, the journey of global expansion in the digital age is both challenging and rewarding. It requires a blend of digital savvy, cultural intelligence, strategic planning, and adaptability. For those skilled in navigating these waters, the opportunities for growth are boundless. As businesses continue to look beyond their borders, the expertise in taking companies overseas will remain a highly sought-after commodity in the ever-evolving tapestry of global commerce

Also Visit: China SEO Xiaoyan

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Tech News

Sky Dayton Scientologist: Unraveling a Tech Visionary’s Journey



Sky Dayton Scientologist

Learn more about the fascinating Sky Dayton Scientologist. Explore his life, the controversy surrounding him, and the impact he had. Investigate how his views impact business ownership. An must read for anybody interested in the scientologist side of Sky Dayton.


Scientologist Sky Dayton has a long history of association with the tech visionary and entrepreneur community. The story delves into Sky Dayton’s life, including his formative years, commercial pursuits, and the contentious association with Scientology. Through the ups and downs of a guy whose views have influenced his career and personal life, we invite you to ride along.

Sky Dayton’s Early Life

Sky Dylan Dayton, who was born in New York City on August 8, 1971, showed an early interest in technology. Dayton was prepared for his future success by growing up in a home that valued inquiry. He was driven to make a lasting impact on the IT sector by his early exposure to computers during the tech revolution.

The Journey to Entrepreneurship

During his time as a college student, Dayton’s entrepreneurial spirit took root, and he went on to develop EarthLink, an innovative ISP. He began a path marked by ingenuity and persistence when the company’s success propelled him into the tech limelight.

Sky Dayton’s Scientology Connection

The more prominent Dayton became in the IT industry, the more speculation there was regarding his ties to Scientology. Scientology, the religion established by L. Ron Hubbard, has been the subject of both praise and criticism. The public took notice of Dayton’s ties to Scientology, which prompted discussions over the relationship between religion and business.

Impact on Business Ventures

One area of debate is the potential impact of Dayton’s Scientology beliefs on his business choices. Gaining insight into how his beliefs influenced business practices from EarthLink and other endeavours offers a fresh take on the complementary nature of religion and business.

Criticisms and Controversies

Dayton has been the target of criticism and controversy, as are many prominent persons. By tackling these problems head-on, this section hopes to offer a balanced perspective, one that recognises the difficulties while praising Sky Dayton’s tenacity and will.

Success Stories

Success stories that highlight Dayton’s influence on the tech scene lay behind the controversy. Aspiring entrepreneurs find encouragement in his ability to overcome hurdles and come out on top. throughout this part, we honour Dayton’s accomplishments that will live on throughout history.

Contributions to Technology

Beyond his work as an entrepreneur, Dayton has made significant contributions to technology. His impact is seen all throughout the digital sector, from making the internet more accessible to encouraging creativity. Learn more about the lasting impact his activities have had on the internet world.

Sky Dayton’s Philanthropy

Philanthropy is an important part of Dayton’s life outside of the boardroom. This section explores his charity endeavours, showcasing his commitment to making a positive difference in the world. Learn about Sky Dayton’s passion projects and the real impact he hopes to implement.

Sky Dayton Scientologist: My Perspective

The author examines Sky Dayton’s ties to Scientology from their point of view in this introspective piece. The author delves into the intricacies and offers insights into the intricate interplay between spirituality, business, and self-improvement.


The story of Sky Dayton is complex, including his experiences as an entrepreneur and his ties to Scientology. His life, accomplishments, disputes, and contributions were all intended to be thoroughly explained in this page. Sky Dayton’s narrative has left an unforgettable impression on the junction of technology, spirituality, and philanthropy, and it is fascinating to consider his decisions and the impact they had on his resilience.


Is Sky Dayton still associated with Scientology?

Much speculation has revolved on Sky Dayton’s ties to Scientology. He continues to have ties to the Church of Scientology, according to current reports.

How has Scientology influenced Dayton’s business decisions?

The extent to which Dayton’s commitment to Scientology ideals impacted his business ethics and worldview is debatable, although widespread belief is that they did.

What controversies has Sky Dayton faced?

The public has taken notice of Dayton because of his Scientology affiliation and other personal decisions. This section discusses the debates that have surrounded his public persona.

How successful are Dayton’s business ventures?

Dayton has had a lot of success with his projects, especially with EarthLink. He defines his entrepreneurial path by detailing the achievements in this frequently asked questions (FAQ).

Is Sky Dayton actively involved in philanthropy?

Indeed, Dayton actively engages in a number of charitable projects. Gain a better understanding of his philanthropic endeavours and the subjects he champions.

Can one separate Dayton’s beliefs from his business ventures?

Dayton’s values and economic endeavours intertwine in a complicated manner. This frequently asked questions document explores the pros and cons of negotiating this crossroads.


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China SEO Xiaoyan: Navigating the Digital Landscape



China SEO Xiaoyan

Maximise your internet visibility with the use of efficient China SEO Xiaoyan tactics. Find out how to stand out in the Chinese market by studying the most effective strategies, resources, and case studies. Gain knowledge from industry leaders and conquer typical obstacles. Learn more about the upcoming 2023 SEO Xiaoyan trends in China.


Businesses who want to succeed in the huge and competitive Chinese market need to grasp China SEO Xiaoyan, which is a game-changer in the ever-changing world of digital marketing. This all-inclusive guide delves into the complexities of China SEO Xiaoyan, offering practical insights and professional suggestions to help you make the most of your online presence.

Understanding China SEO Xiaoyan

Xiaoyan SEO in China: A Comprehensive Overview When it comes to China’s internet environment, SEO Xiaoyan isn’t just a keyword; it’s a strategy. In what ways is it unique? Let’s get into the fundamental ideas.

What is China SEO Xiaoyan?

Xiaoyan SEO in China is optimising your website content for Chinese search engines by taking local search trends and cultural norms into account. Taking into account the specifics of China’s digital ecosystem, this technique is sophisticated and goes beyond simple language use.

Importance of China SEO Xiaoyan

Enhancing Online Visibility

A nation with more than one billion people using the internet places a premium on visibility. Your brand will be seen among all the digital noise when you work with China SEO Xiaoyan.

Key Strategies for China SEO Xiaoyan

Leveraging Local Keywords

Effortlessly incorporate local keywords into your content if you want to connect with Chinese viewers. Get to know your target audience’s search habits so you can cater to their preferences.

Benefits of Implementing China SEO Xiaoyan

Boosting Business in the Chinese Market

Using China SEO Xiaoyan may help your company grow in China and beyond, not only in terms of online presence. Make the most of the uptick in internet traffic by placing your products and services in the best possible light.

China SEO Xiaoyan Tools

Essential Tools for Optimization

Make state-of-the-art It works for you. Use tools designed for the Chinese internet market to conduct anything from keyword research to competitor analysis.

Common Challenges in China SEO Xiaoyan

Navigating Regulatory Hurdles

There are rules and restrictions specific to the Chinese internet. Knowing the ins and outs of the law as it pertains to internet material can help you stay informed and avoid trouble.

Success Stories

Real-world Examples

Take a look at the motivational tales of companies who have nailed It. Take note of the approaches they’ve used and modify them to fit your own needs.

Expert Tips for China SEO Xiaoyan

Maximizing Results

Master the art of It with the help of professional advice. Learn strategies that may greatly affect your online visibility, such as content localization and social media integration.

China SEO Xiaoyan in 2023

Future Trends

Looking forward, be prepared for the ever-changing world of It. Adapt to new trends as they emerge, such as AI-driven content strategies and voice search optimisation, to remain ahead of the competition.


Finally, getting a handle on It is all about making connections with an audience of over one billion people, not simply algorithms. Put these plans into action, conquer these obstacles, and set your business up for unprecedented success in the ever-changing Chinese online market.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the significance of It for businesses targeting the Chinese market?

If your company is serious about making an impression in China’s online market, you need China SEO Xiaoyan. To improve exposure and interaction with the local audience in China, it is necessary to modify digital material so it conforms to the standards set by Chinese search engines.

Q: How does It differ from standard SEO practices?

It considers more than only language. Adapting to the Chinese digital world necessitates familiarity with the incorporation of cultural subtleties, local buzzwords, and regulatory hurdles. These particular elements could go unnoticed by standard SEO tactics.

Q: Can you provide examples of successful businesses that have implemented effective  strategies?

Of course! It has helped several international businesses break into the Chinese market. These include Alibaba and Tencent. To succeed in China, these companies had to adapt to local search habits, overcome regulatory hurdles, and localise their content.

Q: What role do LSI Keywords play in China SEO Xiaoyan, and how are they different from regular keywords?

It relies heavily on LSI (Latent Semantic Indexing) Keywords, which provide material with context and significance. To help search engines better comprehend your content and increase its exposure, LSI Keywords go beyond traditional keywords and instead concentrate on the meaning and connections between words.

Q: How can businesses overcome regulatory hurdles associated with it?

Successfully navigating regulatory hurdles calls for an in-depth familiarity with the law. Companies operating in China would do well to familiarise themselves with the country’s data privacy rules, content limitations, and any other relevant legislation. To overcome these obstacles, it is crucial to get legal guidance and remain compliant.

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